Thursday, September 3, 2020
Early Prevention is Key in Reducing Bullying at an Earlier Age Beginning at youthful ages there are menaces. They grow early and regularly never develop out of that stage, yet rather it just increments with time and age so the wrongdoings become increasingly genuine. This is the reason it is important to target kids with their harsh or rough propensities before it gains out of power. Youngsters typically transform into menaces for reasons, for example, needing consideration, needing power, low confidence, failure to control outrage, vengeance, or even to be mainstream. Fame comes to menaces in grade school since understudies who like and are preferred by the harasser will doubtlessly not be troubled, so it turns into a wellbeing issue. With this last point particularly, it just urges the harassing to proceed. Survivors of menaces for the most part have something one of a kind about them that may appear as though motivation to be disparaged. This incorporates things as straightforward as having supports or glasses, being extremely bashful, or in any event, for being what understudies may consider to be 'excessively keen.' Not just are menaces the ones who grow up to cause issues, yet the casualties do also. In the event that a youngster is continually singled out and ridiculed, their confidence could dive. This could make them transform into a domineering jerk only so as not to be harassed any longer, or they could be headed to countless activities that could influence schools. There was an instance of an incredibly canny kid named Nathan who was additionally overweight. He believed that once he entered center school the children would have grown up and he would meet new and more pleasant individuals. It worked out that it just deteriorated in center school and he was pushed past his break ing point. He took a weapon to class one day and shot himself before different understudies (... ...etrieved April 22, 2009 from http://www.libertarianrock.com/points/school/no_drug_test_after_fighting.html Zewe, C. (2008, August 4). Rough schools: discernment or reality? Recovered April 23, 2002 from http://www.cnn.com/US/9808/24/school.violence/ Jane?s Information Group (2001, April 19). Reacting to acts of mass violence. Recovered May 2, 2002 from http://www.janes.com/security/international_security/news/jssh/jssh020429_1_n.shtml Data about the ongoing mass shooting in a German school by a multi year old kid. Lemonick, M. D., Wallace, C. P. (2002, May 6). Germany?s columbine. Time, 36. Recovered April 28, 2002 from Ebscohost. Kyl, J. (2008, June 1). American needs to kick off the war on drugs. Inside Tucson Business 8(10), 5. Recovered April 28, 2002 from Ebscohost. Measurements on tranquilize utilization in secondary schools, indicating we have to support it.
Saturday, August 22, 2020
Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome - Essay Example There are at present no medications that treat polycystic ovary disorder overall, however singular side effects are tended to dependent on the wants of every female. Polycystic ovary disorder is a typical ailment wherein ladies have a Ã¢â¬Å"imbalance of female sex hormones (Kovacs, 2007)Ã¢â¬ in ladies of conceptive age. At the point when a high school girlÃ¢â¬â¢s or womanÃ¢â¬â¢s ovaries produce altogether unusual measures of androgens, which are male sex hormones, the turn of events and arrival of eggs are meddled with. With polycystic ovary condition, growths - sacs loaded up with fluid - structure rather than the eggs developing. At that point the growths develop in the ovaries, regularly getting expanded, in lieu of an egg being discharged. At the point when a youngster or lady has polycystic ovary condition, they frequently don't have a normal menstrual cycle. Polycystic ovary condition is among numerous scatters that specialists have been not able to decide a sole, distinct reason. In any case, enough research in the issue has uncovered an assortment of variables that may assume a job in the improvement of polycystic ovary condition. One such factor is hereditary qualities, with numerous specialists accepting that if an individualÃ¢â¬â¢s mother or sister has been determined to have polycystic ovary condition, at that point the individual dangers building up the disorder also. Likewise, momentum investigate is being experienced to decide whether a transformed quality is associated with the development of the pimples, making polycystic ovary condition a hereditary issue. Another conceivable factor in the creating of polycystic ovary condition is an overabundance of insulin. On the off chance that an individual has a protection from insulin, which would cause a disability in adequately using insulin, at that point the pancreas would deliver more insulin to keep sugar accessible for the cells. In the event that there is an excess of insulin, it can cause an expansion in the androgen that is created by the ovaries. This hormone is fundamental to the cystsÃ¢â¬â¢ endurance, and an excess of androgen will permit them to
Friday, August 21, 2020
The Power of Knowledge Information is power. Data is freeing. Training is the reason of each progress. This statement from Kofi Annan, a negotiator of Ghana engaged with the United Nations, straightforwardly connects with a general topic found in Up from Slavery by Booker T. Washington. This collection of memoirs unmistakably portrays hardships that stood up to Washington, however not one of them is ever noted as anything short of a learning experience. Washington's enthusiasm for learning empowered him to outperform limits apparent by the individuals who permitted themselves to simply become casualties of their conditions. He took a gander at the battles that confronted him as chances to turn into a more grounded and increasingly certain individual. Achievement didn't come effectively for this man, yet through a progression of occasions and snags he had the option to make a triumph all his own. Having training that is promoted by tutoring is significant, however Washington's life is verification that the intensity of information can likewise be outstandingly achieved through making the most out of life and all that it brings to the table, positive or negative. Booker T. Washington's perspectives on training edify perspectives encompassing the dubious subject of setting a higher incentive on instruction or experience. As the present society intensely centers around tutoring, recollect that lives are not exclusively founded on that viewpoint. A mix of both training and experience are important to accomplish the most significant level of achievement. Training is a decent establishment, yet without experience limits are set on how much an individual can accomplish. Similarly, without the establishment of instruction a real existence loaded with encounters can be flimsy. A typical accord presently can't seem to be settled upon for this progressing banter about whether educa... ...s as a demonstration of how urgent both tutoring and experience are. With an equalization of the two, he could best shape all that he knew and all that he had into usable material that would best profit his life. Works Cited Baym, Nina, Wayne Franklin, Philip F. Gura, and Arnold Krupat. The Norton Anthology of American Literature. seventh ed. Vol. C. New York: W. W. Norton and, 2007. Print. Boud, David, and Ruth Cohen. Experience-based Learning. Understanding Adult Education and Training. By Lee Andresen. second ed. Sydney: Allen and Unwin. 225-239. Web. 22 Apr. 2012. Savery, John R., and Thomas M. Duffy. RLT. Tech. no. 16-01. Indiana University, June 2001. Web. 22 Apr. 2012. . What Is Experience-based Learning? Starting Point. Carleton College, 11 Apr. 2012. Web. 22 Apr. 2012. .
Tuesday, June 9, 2020
3.1. Introduction A significant body of the literature has been dedicated to examining wide spreading of povertyÃâÃ and its gradual explosion issues together with pioneering steps in research and practice towards povertyÃâÃ eradication have created an unprecedented outburst of studies about business literature for povertyÃâÃ eradication. The following section is a review of literature about how multinationals attend low-income markets where povertyÃâÃ occurs on a large scale. The review is carried out with a concern about poverty alleviation and some implications and appropriate frameworks for MNCÃ ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã¢â ¢s executives to help to alleviate poverty while selling to the poor. From this viewpoint, the literature review is divided into three main sections: BOP inititiative, buyer behavior and marketing strategies. It examines some key elements of the BOP initiative companiesÃ ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã¢â ¢ motivation; the BOP business model; the role of micro finance. With a number of successful stories acknowledged in the literature, the section also reviews how to adopt MNCÃ ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã¢â ¢s marketing mix to attend the BOP profitably. 3.2. Part 1: Poverty in Business Perspectives Billions of people living in the extreme poverty, who are in many cases denied access to proper services, energy, water, health, and above all the opportunities to improve their economic and social outlook, is a significant societal problem. Even though the high economic growth of large-population countries, such as China and India, has brought about many job opportunities and brought down the overall povertyÃâÃ level, it is still not sufficient to reach other targets in the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) (World Bank, 2004). Along with the increasing concern of NGOÃ ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã¢â ¢s and other non profit organization towards poverty alleviation, business perspectives have been gradually positioned as a useful tool in contributing to poverty reduction. Such interest has appeared to become much more worldwide through being catalyzed by pioneer approaches, both in practice and theory, which have awakened business attention to the problem of poverty. Indeed, there is an abundance of academic literature on theÃ ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã ¦. It appear to have been dissected from all imaginable anglesÃ ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã ¦ Poverty in business perspectives has a diverse appearance, such as the vast majority of 4 billion people living on less than $1 or $2 a day (Prahalad and Hammond, 2002), poor producers (Karnani, 2007), gender (Thierry, 2007), self-employed poor people, micro entrepreneurs, micro franchisees (Gibson, 2007), employees, business owners, etc. Within these much attention is lately placed not on poverty as a whole but on its attributed and its causes. 3.2.1. CompaniesÃ ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã¢â ¢ Motivation to Attend Low-Income Markets Much of the debate about poverty alleviation has been provoked by suggestions that multinational corporations (MNC) with extensive financial resources are in the best position to lead the process of selling to the poor. The construction of a new image of poverty in business perspectives, for example, is much contributed by the pioneering idea of Prahalad and Hammond (2002) who focus on the large buying power of 4 billion people earning less than $ 2000 each per year at the lowest tier of the economic pyramid Ã ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã¢â¬Å" Ã ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã âBottom of the pyramidÃ ¢Ã¢â ¬?. Prahalad and Hammond (2002) advise private companies to view poverty as a potential of serving an unexploited, multitrillion-dollar market and alleviating the level of global poverty while still earning a profit. By infusing the profit motive into value creation, the hope is that private companies will take the leading role in serving the BOP and, thus, the purpose of alleviating poverty will more likely succee d. From this follows/Keeping this in mind, the main two motivations for profit seeking companies to attend this market is: The opportunity to covert BOP segmentÃ ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã¢â ¢s purchasing power into profits; and The ability to bring prosperity to the poor, and thus alleviate poverty. This was supported by 18.104.22.168. Purchasing Power and Profitability A key component surrounding Ã ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã ¦ literature is that even poor people could be profitable customers. In a study of Ã ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã ¦ ,Ã ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã ¦ indicates that despite their low level of income, they are discerning consumers who want value and are well aware of the value brands favoured by more affluent consumers (Ã ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã ¦).This is consistent with .. et al. (2007), who describeÃ ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã ¦ : creating new business opportunities, SCR Ã ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã ¦ a) Creating New Business Opportunities Such strong view rests on the idea that the potential growth for many multinational (MNC) and medium sized companies does not rest on the low-income market in the developing countries. Instead, its source is the immense size of potential market of $13 trillion at purchasing power parity (PPP) that the two-thirds of the world population with unmet needs are supposed to represent. Projections and demographic trends also indicate that by 2050, more than 85% of the worldÃ ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã¢â ¢s population will fall within this category. This portends an abysmal decline in effective demand. By empowering the poor, businesses naturally create new business opportunities by raising effective demand and consumption levels. b) Corporate Social Responsibility (CRS) since it will help to reduce poverty and more importanlty for the company, it will be crucial to their long-term competitiveness and success. One of the most interesting implications of BOP is the radical impact it can have on a companyÃ ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã¢â ¢s core business model. .. for instance, claims that organizations which set out to empower poor communities by providing basic education and skills acquisition, improving local human capital, protecting the environment, and developing the culture of accountability and transparency, are practicing some components of CSR which is essential for the long-term sustainability of any company. Indeed, many large corporations have announced CSR benefits that impacts on their profitability and claim it to be a key element of development. Besides, Ã ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã ¦ adds that a comprehensive set of CSR policies, practices and programmes incorporated in companyÃ ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã¢â ¢s business strategy can increase productivity, contribute to competitiveness, improve staff recruitment and retention rates and create a more positive corporate image. All in all, Ã ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã ¦ concludes thatÃ ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã ¦ d) Government support Political Capital It is obvious that businesses that empower the poor strike a compelling partnership with the government. Most of the time, politicians take undeserved credit for attracting such private investments etc. 22.214.171.124. Poverty Alleviation and Prosperity to the Poor a) Job Creation Ã ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã¢â¬Å" Businesses whose products and services address basic and common needs can enter the bottom of the pyramid market segments more effectively, and with a deeper social impact through partnerships with highly innovative community groups. They can scale their impact significantly by leveraging their expertise and experience in developing skills and engaging such community groups actively in delivering their products and services. This way, communities are better served, if an increasing number of people engaged in the business are people from their immediate neighborhoods, giving it a local flavor and a compelling sense of stake in the business. adds that expansion by multinationals into emerging markets creates new jobsproduct-distribution networks and shops, for exampleand income earned from those jobs ripples through local economies, creating more new jobs, a phenomenon that economists call the multiplier effect. b) Training, Education and Skills enhancement Ã ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã¢â¬Å" Profit-seeking companies can also play an important role in educating BOP consumers. Banerjee and Duflo (2007) point out, that BOP consumers can be entrepreneurial and do several different types of jobs. However, due to their lack the skills they can not get higher paying jobs. The provision of funding and training is a way multinationals can support the poor. Education is also necessary not just for getting a job, but to make more informed decisions in other areas, e.g. health education can improve food choices. Besides, education and information can also help BOP negotiate better rates and recognizing counterfeit goods. c) Community Development Ã ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã¢â¬Å" Through basic empowerment in terms of education and job creation, the community systematically grows out of the crutches of poverty. Beyond the occasional CSR embarked upon by businesses, empowered indigenes gradually but steadily develop their communities by training other relatives of theirs and embarking on micro projects that eventually add up to improving the lot of their communities. Not only, the company makes more profit, and the peoples lifestyle changes. The poor also benefit because they have access to services such as banking and insurance that once were denied them, he says. 3.2.2. Challenges of Attending Low-income Markets Nevertheless, there is a great branch of the literature about the nature, scope, and value of serving low-income segments (Karnani, 2007a; Martinez and Carbonell, 2007; Aiyar, 2006; Jaswal, 2007) that questions the ease with wich multinationals may enter the BOP and whether profits exist there at all. They argue that it is very unlikely that companies will be able to attend the BOP market profitably. Landrum (2007) points out that the costs of serving this segment can be very high. BOP customers are usually much dispersed geographically; they are very heterogeneous, which reduces the opportunities for obtaining significant economies of scale; and their individual transactions usually represent a low amount of money. In addition, consumers at the BOP are very price sensitive, which, again, makes profitability a difficult goal to achieve. For example, Karnani (2007a) posits that the poor may want the same products as the rich do but by virtue of being poor, they cannot afford them. The differences between business realities and development imperatives are not easy to reconcile, statesÃ ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã ¦ (Ã ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã ¦) Some recent case studies also suggests that unlimited business opportunities and poverty eradication through profits may set unrealistic expectations for business executives (McFalls,2007). Second, the traditional timelines for achieving social goods versus profits differ (Harjula, 2005). Businesses may use a five-year horizon as their benchmark for returns. In contrast, social goals like reducing smoking and other unhealthy lifestyle behaviors may take generations. Thus, rather than viewing the poor primarily as consumers, this group suggest a focus on this segment as producers, i.e.potential entrepreneurs that can improve their economic situation by increasing their income level. Karnani suggests that raising income will alleviate their poverty, provide cost effective products to other consumers, and allow the formerly poor to consume more. Raising their incomes may require that they become producers with stable jobs and wages. Focusing on poor people as self-employed poor people, micro entrepreneurs, Gibson (2007) also suggested that constructing and running micro franchising models that pair franchisors (MNCs or non-governmental organizations), micro franchisors (independent business people) with other poor people to expand the business and get other poor people involved in a self-employment venture can help empower poor people to raise their standard of living and gain a greater degree of financial stability. CONCLUSION It postulates that if companies take the correct steps and devote sufficient resources to satisfying the needs of the BOP, they can overcome barriers to consumption. However, companies must be willing to invest time, resources and training to insure that the producers create products with some barriers to entry and are asonable level of productivity. BOP projects must be integrated into key areas in operations where decisions on new products and markets are made and executed. For most companies, BOP therefore requires comprehensive organizational change and heavy involvement of key business areas responsible for new market creationÃ ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã¢â¬ something that far exceeds what is required to implement most other sustainability activities. Therefore, while there are potentially compelling reasons for widening the definition of market opportunities beyond consumer goods for low-income segments, the following part of literature review focuses on the BOP concept in its original form, i.e., as a business strategy aimed at selling profit-seeking products to low-income segments while simultaneously contributing to the resolution of significant societal problems in these regions.
Sunday, May 17, 2020
results the highest standard score he received in the Artistic area was for Attorney because the attorneyÃ¢â¬â¢s responses in the sample reflected alignment with the Artistic theme. We then discussed how the code was REC and I steered us back to our sticky note exercise where his C and S were tied. He felt this was consistent and we moved forward. We examined the graphs next. I explained any score above 40 suggested he shared similar interests to men in that occupation that were sampled. Here we discussed his Realistic again had strong representation, social came next and enterprising third. He was a little surprised Law Enforcement Officer had the highest score, but I pointed out it was his responses to this area that most aligned with theÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Personality Style Scales We began the discussion of theses scales with an explanation of the scores, and the position of the diamond as it falls in between the descriptions. He understood scores and the visual, above 54 and the diamond more toward the right responses aligned closer to the description on the right and scores below 46 and the diamond closer to the left, responses aligned closer to the statements on the left. I pointed out scores in between 46 and 54 and the diamond in the middle, reflected propensities toward both descriptions. His work style score was a 46, at the left end of mid-range. Learning environment score was 50, again mid range. Leadership style was 60 closer to the right and taking charge and directing others. Risk taking 62, his furthest to the right score and team orientation 55 just slightly more toward preferring to working on teams and collaborating, He was a bit taken aback by these scores because he questioned how he could go into the military and not have higher scores in wo rking with people and being a team player. He also commented on his score of 50 on learning environment, saying, Ã¢â¬Å"well maybe I could do college.Ã¢â¬ I reminded him of his acceptances to various colleges and his standardized test scores as reinforcements that they also attest to his being able Ã¢â¬Å"to do college.Ã¢â¬ We
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Abstract: As team decision making and problem solving is a broad topic, this paper researches on the given topics (I) advantages and disadvantages of team decision making and problem solving; (II)Team leadership and building consensus; (III) Organizational support to team decisions; (IV) Ethical decision making in a team; (V) Team decisions and conflict management. Introduction: Team decision making is one of the essential skills for any successful organization. Decision making is important for management and leadership for smooth operation. Likewise, problem solving tactics should include a strong decision making process. In other words, decision making and problem solving are related to each other and it requires skills, creativity,Ã¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦6. Improved Communication According to Hsu, Shih, Chiang, and Liu (2011) projects often fails due to lack of coordination, insufficient knowledge exchange resulting from ineffective communication among team members. As mentioned earlier, team members will always discuss the new ideas among all the members. In this way they can express their point of views and find out the positive and negative effects of it. Team members communicate with each other on how and why to choose the particular solution. In this way, team members can improve the communication by utilizing their knowledge and experience to find an improved solution that can help attain the objective. Disadvantages of Team Decision Making and Problem Solving Though research has found out that team decision making is better than individual decision making, there are always some problems in handling a team. The team manager or leader should carefully handle the team members to be an efficient team. In other words, when there are many people in a team with different background, experience and knowledge, there are higher chances of conflict stemming from ego, disagreement, and clash in thoughts. Some of the downsides of team decision making are pointed out as follows: 1. Competition In this highly competitive business world, most of the individuals are concerned about building their career and future. They want to show and do their best for their careerShow MoreRelatedImproving Leadership Effectiveness And Characteristics Of An Empowered Workplace1393 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesLeadership Effectiveness In this paper, the reader will learn about improving leadership effectiveness. Principles and characteristics of an empowered workplace, importance of communication, high performance in the workplace, team concepts and member roles, problem solving styles, and the stages in the life of a group will be discussed as well as applied to the case study The Chattanooga Ice Cream Division. The reader will learn about the point of the case study, and how it illustrates differentRead MoreProblem Solving Techniques Essay examples778 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesProblem Solving Techniques PSY/430 Problem Solving Techniques Problem solving techniques used when making group decisions. Identify the sources of conflict in learning team: competition, differences in objectives; values, attitudes, and perceptions: disagreements about memberÃ¢â¬â¢s role requirements: work activities; and individual approaches: and breakdowns in communication. Analyze the conflict situation by answering the following questions: Who is inRead MoreDecision Making : An Integrated Structure Of Events1546 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagespersonality traits that team leaders require in order to assert influence and function properly in their role. As information and knowledge are disseminated throughout a team, the intellectual capacity of both the team and the organization is increased. 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Question: Discuss about the Social, Legal and Ethical Frameworks. Answer: Introduction: In treatment is a series film which is adopted from a Jewish popular show Be Tipul produced by Hagai Lei. The main film character is Psychologist Paul Weston who meets four patients every week and consequently encounters his therapist Mr. Amy Ryna on every Friday. The paper will focus on an episode in season three of the "In Treatment" to formulate a case study. The case study will focus on season three episode seven which involves Paul and Sunil who is a retired teacher from India and whose wife has died six months earlier thus seeking therapy from Paul the psychologist (Stern, 2014). He is also on deportation process due to a decision not to disclose the immigration papers to the police on request. On the other hand, Paul is angry with Sunil because he feels he was used by Sunil to achieve his intentions. The aim of the paper, therefore, is to analyze the ethical dilemma or issues touching on the characters in the episode as well as to offer an appropriate response by the ethical p rinciples. In episode seven of the season three, Psychologist Paul develops a caring therapeutic friendship with his client Mr. Sunil to a point of not keeping the professional boundaries required in the counseling sessions. Paul cultivates an intimate therapeutic relationship with Sunil as a result of empathy. It can be argued that this kind of a relationship result from Paul personal experiences as an immigrant from Ireland and as a divorcee. As a result, Paul works tirelessly to identify what holds back Sunil's life after the death of his wife. Some of the possible reasons Paul identifies include Sunil's manifest criticism of his Son's marriage. In addition, Paul sees the possibility of jealousy in Sunil's life due to the loss of his wife. As a result of this relationship build by Paul there lacks the requisite boundaries which must be maintained between a therapist and a client during a therapeutic session (Richards Brown, 2011). Some of the ethical and the legal principles that emerge from the episode include failure to maintain the professionalism in the therapeutic encounter as well as dishonesty. Furthermore, Sunil willingly gives wrong information to the law enforcers hence committing a crime. It is essential that a psychotherapist set and maintain professional boundaries both within the office and without. To ensure that the therapeutic session remains focused to the client it is necessary, therefore, to work within the set boundaries during the session and outside the session. In therapeutic sessions boundaries refers to the psychologist's self-discloser to the client either through communication outside the session, exchanging of gifts, touching or establishment of relationship outside the therapeutic sessions. In this case, there exist a dual relationship between the therapist and the client. This is from the fact that Paul treats Sunil as friend more than a client (Marxen, 2012). In the psychotherapy, dual relationships are discouraged to protect both the client and the psychotherapist. In addition, this kind of a relationship compromises the healing process and the entire therapeutic process. Exploitation which results from dual relationship includes business and sexual exploitation. The concern is mainly that psychotherapist or counselors may take advantage of their client due to the power they have over them. A client who is in crisis is likely to be vulnerable hence must be protected. In addition, some client may take advantage over the psychotherapist and therefore he/she needs equal protection. Sunil in this episode takes advantage over Paul to achieve his intentions of traveling back to India (Kahr, 2011). From such an instance, therefore, dual relationships in counseling sessions must be opposed to the latter. It is clear that failure to maintain the boundaries that hinder such a relationship threatens the entire therapeutic process hence, causing harm to the client. Furthermore, it is clear that failure to main boundaries has negative effects to the counseling profession. Traditional psychoanalyst theory holds that boundaries are necessary, and therefore anything contaminating the boundaries is a threat to the psychotherapist profession (Johnson, 2013). The theory advises that poor management of the boundaries must be avoided by the counseling professionals to ensure that the integrity of the clinical work is sustained. However, it is vital to distinguish between boundary violation and boundary crossing. Boundaries violation entails actions that are perpetrated by the therapist against the client which hurts client's dignity and the integrity of the profession. On the other hand, bou ndary crossing refers to a reasonable deviation from the traditional therapeutic format with an intention to benefit the client. It is unfortunate that though Paul is a professional psychotherapist he does not differentiate the two hence his inability to maintain the necessary professional boundaries (Hillman Ventura, 2012). The interaction of Paul with his client outside the therapeutic session facilitate to the friendship. At one point in the episode, Paul encourages Sunil to smoke and drink more alcohol contrary to what is expected of a therapist. In counseling interaction outside the office is highly discourage for ethical and legal reasons. Study on therapist confirms that more than seventy percent of the therapists disclose information about themselves to clients outside the office. It is therefore widely agreed that association with a client outside the therapeutic session greatly hurt the therapeutic session (Bainbridge, 2012). Psychoanalyst advises that Psychotherapist must work to maintain the image of an omnipotent therapist a quality that lacks in the relationship between Psychologist Paul and his client Mr. Sunil. Furthermore, avoiding outside office encounters aids in maintaining confidentiality. Psychotherapy is mainly founded on confidentiality and privacy which result to trust. Office se ttings, therefore, assure clients of his/her privacy and confidentiality as well as a sense of security and safety. Therapist interaction outside the office, however, must be distinguished into three types of encounters. One is perceived as part of the thought-out treatment plan. The second encounter is viewed as outside office strategy to enhance the therapeutic efficiency, and the third outside office encounter is referred to as overlapping relationship which entails the natural relationships that occur as a result of our habitats. Interaction with clients outside the therapeutic session and within the ethical standards is beneficial to clients (Gottlieb, 2013). Honesty is fundamental in the psychotherapy exercise, it only in honesty the client discovers his/her potential over the problem he or she is facing. It, therefore, necessary that client and the therapist exercise honesty during the therapeutic session. It is also essential that client accepts to honest with the self throughout the session. The aspect of honesty and maturity lacks in the sessions involving Paul and Sunil. It is demonstrated by the fact that Sunil doesn't want to be responsible for his decision and therefore uses Paul to achieve his ends. Similarly, Paul is not living his decision rather he is living the wishes of others. He fantasies on the illness that may be the avenue to get him out his situation. Paul is thus a clear illustration of unresolved experiences which has been carried forward to professional life. It is the primary task of a therapist to facilitate change hence important to deal with personal experiences apart from the clients. To be the desired agent o f change in the psychotherapy one must not live in self-deception (Bainbridge, 2013). Ethical dilemmas induce anxiety to counselors and therapist equally, yet little attention is given to the subject during formation period. The issue of ethics in the dual relationship, therefore, must be focused through adequate knowledge which facilitates the management of the boundaries. Principles such principle of autonomy, of fidelity, and of justice must be considered while evaluating the issue. Hence, a therapist needs appropriate prudence to deal with a case similar to the one discussed in the paper. It is vital for a therapist to strike a balance between the professional and the personal concerns during the relationship with a client. In addition, every counselor or a therapist must implement all the moral principles as well as the ethical codes to achieve the desired results in a therapy session. In instances where an ethical conflict persists and has affected the therapeutic process, it is then prudent for the therapist to refer the client to another therapist or terminate the client-therapist relationship (Breton, 2014). In conclusion, it is necessary for the therapist to formulate reasoned and realistic social, legal and ethical frame works within which the profession must be practiced and from which the client-therapist relationship, as well as other communal connections, are managed and monitored. It is further advisable that therapist discusses with their supervisors any conflicting ethical issues they encounter during the practice. At times the horns of the ethical dilemmas are sharp and hurting hence inflicting serious damage. Hence there is a need for counselors and therapist to discuss realistic answers to the prevailing ethical dilemmas (Bainbridge Yates, 2013). In addition, the role of supervision should be should be enhanced especially in the process of resolving an ethical dilemma. It should also be understood that both the therapist and the client may fail to maintain the desired ideals due to their human nature. Thus, the need to train therapist and counselors appropriately as well as appreciate that ethical dilemma is real and demand practical response more than a theory. Reference Bainbridge, C. (2012). Psychotherapy on the couch: Exploring the fantasies of In Treatment. Psychoanalysis, Culture Society, 17(2), 153-168. Bainbridge, C. (2013). In Treatment (2012). Began airing in the UK in 2009 as the. Television and Psychoanalysis: Psycho-Cultural Perspectives, 47. Bainbridge, C., Yates, C.(2013). Psychoanalysis and popular culture: reflections on the development of a psycho-cultural approach. 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